QA Process: A Complete Guide to QA Stages, Steps, & Tools

IT Education

This allows early detection and rectification of bugs, saving time and resources and preventing potential financial losses and user dissatisfaction. If the quality assurance process is not executed, the bug will likely go undetected and cause glitches after its release in the market. This might affect the platform’s reliability and impact the reputation of the eCommerce business. To avoid such a situation, the quality assurance process is integrated into the software development process, allowing early detection of bugs before they turn into more complex issues. As per the Consortium for Information and Software Quality, the annual cost of inadequate software quality to US organizations exceeds $2.08 trillion. These financial setbacks included expenses arising from operational failures, unsuccessful projects, and software errors in legacy systems.

Among other forms of acceptance testing, accessibility testing deserves special mention. Accessibility testing ensures that every feature of a website or app is easy to use by people who may have disabilities such as visual or hearing impairment, color blindness, or any other physical issues. They may experience some form of disability, requiring some form of assistive technology to operate certain technology.

Benefits of Manual QA Testing

While less flexible, automated tests offer consistency across test runs, ensuring that the same test is performed exactly the same way every time. Manual testing leverages the human eye and intuition, making it great for assessing user experience, layout, and overall feel. Automated testing, on the other hand, uses tools and scripts, excelling in precision and repeatability for checking specific functionalities. Typically conducted by developers, unit testing involves testing individual components of the software.

what is qa manual testing

However, manual testing encounters several challenges that need to be addressed before streamlining the testing cycle. Manual testing comprises various stages, such as unit testing, integration testing, system testing, user interface (UI) testing, and acceptance testing. Depending on your software project requirements, there can be overlap or a different sequence of these stages. In the next section, we will understand the importance of manually testing the software applications.

Design the Tests

There are several different types of [manual QA testing], including functional testing, usability testing, compatibility testing, security testing, and performance testing. Manual testing doesn’t typically require knowledge of programming languages. Testers may use natural language to create test cases and document test results. However, familiarity with basic programming concepts and scripting languages like Python or JavaScript can be beneficial for understanding automated testing frameworks and tools. Integration testing is a type of testing that examines the interaction between different parts of software. Its primary aim is to identify issues that may arise when multiple units are integrated.

what is qa manual testing

This process demands technical skills and empathy, thus making it a blend of art and science. Mastering manual testing is crucial for both experienced professionals and beginners to ensure that software functions correctly and provides an exceptional user experience. When you have an established quality assurance process, it is easy to have a high-quality software application that gives a better user experience.

Recommended degrees and graduate certificates for QA testers

Testers will check that the product is user-friendly and can be used easily by end-users. Functional testing is a type of [manual QA testing] that tests the functionality of the product. Testers will test the product against its requirements and check that it is functioning as intended. In this article, we will explore why manual testing remains essential, its role in Agile and DevOps environments, and how it is evolving in software development. So, stay tuned to discover the unique value manual testing brings and how to implement it in your QA strategy. According to Statista, the global market for Application Development Software is anticipated to experience a growth rate of 7.04% from 2023 to 2028 and reach a market volume of US$234.70 billion by 2028.

A user story in manual testing is a concise, informal description of a feature’s functionality from an end user’s perspective. It helps testers understand the context and purpose of testing, enabling effective test case creation. Only a human tester with adequate product knowledge and, most importantly, real-world perspective, can identify that. Skipping these types of testing is risky for the release quality, and there is no workaround as we know of for now that doesn’t involve a manual tester. These 2 initial steps align stakeholders with the overall vision of the project and prepares them for the real test activities later. You can encounter companies that want their QA manual testers to have years of experience.

Collaboration with the development team

Manual testing is an essential component of the software quality assurance (QA) process. Within this type of testing, QA developers actively engage with the software just like an end-user would. The key distinction from automated testing is that it relies on human insights and intervention rather than scripts or automated tools. Incorporating a risk-based testing methodology is a crucial aspect of Agile methodology and is essential for identifying and prioritizing risks during test execution. In its development process, various components are integrated, from user interface and payment processing to inventory management and order fulfillment. It is imperative that the functionality and performance of the software application are tested to report any bug and ensure it is fixed.

what is qa manual testing

This report should include information about any issues that were found, and any suggestions for improvement. Compatibility testing is a type of manual [QA testing] that tests the compatibility of the product with other products and systems. These include exploratory testing, user acceptance testing, ad hoc testing, compatibility testing, and regression testing. After the tests, QA developers analyze the findings, synthesizing them into reports that offer insights into the software’s performance and potential areas for improvement.

Advantages and Shortcomings of Manual Testing

Also known as end-to-end testing, this testing stage looks at functionality more holistically. System testing aims to mimic what users experience with the product in real life. The QA tester often starts with unit testing, where you test individual software functions or unique testable product parts. By breaking up the testing into small, manageable parts, you can better identify what needs to be fixed.

  • It is crucial to prioritize the QA process to mitigate these risks and ensure a high-quality product that meets user expectations and drives customer satisfaction.
  • It gives you the capabilities of all of the tools you use everyday with specific customization for testing.
  • Any new application must be manually tested before its testing can be automated.
  • This comprehensive guide will provide you with an overview of manual QA testing, the benefits of manual [QA testing], different types of manual [QA testing], and techniques for manual QA testing.
  • In such cases, manual testing is incredibly valuable as it offers a nuanced perspective that can only come from a human tester.

The specific tools required may vary depending on the nature of the project, the technologies involved, and the QA objectives. Here are some commonly used automation testing tools that help speed up the entire testing process. qa manual course Testers should also ensure that they have the necessary tools and software for the testing process. This will ensure that the tests are performed efficiently, and that any issues or bugs are identified quickly.

How to Streamline Your QA Process using LambdaTest?

Test scenarios in manual testing are detailed descriptions of possible interactions, conditions, and actions that users might undertake with the software. They guide testers in conducting tests, ensuring various functionalities are adequately validated. To be human is to be creative and intuitive, and in certain types of testing those 2 factors are a must-have. For example, in exploratory testing, testers have to actively explore and interact with the software to “get to know” the application before deep-diving into the details. It is proven that this approach allows testers to uncover bugs that they don’t even know of in the first place. Unlike manual testing, automation testing involves executing test cases automatically either through reusable test scripts or with the help automation testing tools.

what is qa manual testing

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